Humans have been throwing something in their hands since a long time ago when they were attacking the enemy After the invention of the gunpowder in China the gunpowder was thrown by connecting the fuse to the explosive This was the beginning of the grenade.
The first grenade started around the 15th century Initially, black balls containing gunpowder were lit and used This black ball used various materials such as clay, brass, and steel. The power of the grenade gradually proved Around the 17th century, countries in Europe began to operate special forces called the grenadier in the Infantry .
The grenadier were tasked with carrying grenades and approaching and attacking just before the enemy So they were very likely to die Therefore, the grenadier needed courage and was treated differently from other soldiers.
The first modern grenade appeared in the Russo-Japanese War, which broke out in 1904 A grenade appeared that filled the bottle with gunpowder and connected the fuse. Japan improved this and produced grenades that used iron pipes instead of bottles.
Soldiers from all over Europe who were observing the Russo-Japanese War became interested in this new type of weapon And they start developing grenades. A Fuse is used in grenades, and there are impact fuze and delay fuze The impact fuze exploded as soon as it hit the target, making it easy to make due to its simple structure However, if the user makes a mistake, it may explode in the friendly area, so the safety was low.
The delay fuze explodes a few seconds after the fuze is activated It was mainly used because it was more safe than the impact fuze Grenades can also be divided into offensive and defensive depending on their purpose The type of attack is for our troops to approach and use enemy trenches or positions Because the user may have no place to cover their body, Grenades have reduced their power for safety Defensive grenades, on the other hand, use this while the user is hiding in the position This is what makes the grenade even more powerful because it’s thrown at the attacking enemy.
Grenades are egg-shaped and stick-shaped depending on their shape In 1915, a man named Mills in England put gunpowder and detonator in a round iron So he invented an egg-shaped grenade similar to a modern grenade.
Around the same time, Germany develops stick grenades The grenade pulls and throws the ignition line at the bottom of the handle It was bulky compared to egg-shaped grenades but it had the advantage of being able to throw easily with a handle even in a prone position In Germany, these grenades were used in combination as cluster grenades that could attack tanks.
When the grenade proved to be powerful in the battle, the soldiers wanted to fly it farther away So the Rifle Grenade came out. At first, they used a slingshot or crossbow to send it off Later, a Rifle Grenade was developed to fly grenades by connecting a special rod to the rifle In World War I, the Rifle Grenad had a range of about 80 meters These Rifle Grenad had a distinctive firing sound when fired So the enemy often hid themselves when they heard this sound So there was a spring gun that didn’t make any sound when fired.
The launcher had a range of 320 meters. The grenade was also used to catch tanks Developed by the Soviet Union, the RPG-43 has applied a Shaped Charge method to penetrate the tank’s Armor However, as the tank’s Armor got thicker and various anti-tank weapons were developed, they were not used much.
In addition to the purpose of killing people, grenades were developed for various purposes. The Smoke Projectile blocked the view of the enemy to protect our troops from bullets and artillery fire It’s also used to guided support from our artillery and bombers.
incendiary grenades are used to destroy equipment or documents when retreating using white phosphorus Due to thousands of degrees of heat, metal equipment or vehicles are melted to prevent enemy use. The flash grenade was developed by the British anti-terrorism unit SAS in the 1970s It is designed to subdue terrorists in counterterrorism operations without damaging the hostages Flash grenades emit powerful light and explosive sounds at the same time Therefore, it can temporarily stop a person’s hearing and vision Gas grenades puts toxic gas inside and throws it toward the enemy’s trenches to exterminate the enemy And it was developed to get the enemy out of the trench Currently, it is used as tear gas at protest sites.
The current US military grenade is M67. It was developed during the Vietnam War and weighs 390g and has a killing radius of 15m. The M68 is the same as the M67, but features a dual fuse. First of all, it has a impact fuze, so it is supposed to explode as soon as it is hit by a solid object after being thrown And if the grenade doesn’t explode because there’s no solid object in the enemy’s camp then the delayed fuze, which is for backup, explodes in seconds The United States recently developed a new grenade Scalable offensive hand genade is modularized like Lego blocks And if you want to increase the firepower, you just have to plug in additional grenades.
Korea uses hand grenades developed by Hanwha The K400 grenade was used from 1975 to 1995 It has a killing radius of 10 meters. The K413 is a new grenade used since 1994 It reduced the weight of the K400 from 450g to 260g, making it lighter And the killing force was to have the same power as the K400 Grenades are also called artillery in pockets It’s the 21st century with high-tech weapons but for infantrymen, grenades will still remain the last artillery to defend themselves.